Skip to contents
Lincoln Park, Old Town

The Tommy Guns Used In Chicago’s St. Valentine’s Day Massacre Are Still Fired By Cops — In Michigan

You won't find the guns from the infamous crime in Chicago.

Reenactment of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, which occurred when reputed members of the Al Capone gang disguised themselves as policemen and murdered members of the George "Bugs" Moran gang in a garage, located at 2122 North Clark Street in the Lake View community, being held by Cook County Coroner Dr. Herman N. Bundesen and investigators, Chicago, Illinois, 1929.
Chicago History Museum
  • Credibility:

DOWNTOWN — The two Tommy guns used in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre are still seeing action nearly 90 years after they were fired in the infamous crime.

They’ve been called the “most famous Thompson submachine guns in the world” — and are eternally linked to a violent part of Chicago’s history. The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, supposedly orchestrated by Al Capone against a rival crew in a garage at 2122 N. Clark St., left seven men dead and made news around the world.

The guns are now owned by the Sheriff’s Office of Berrien County in Michigan, where they are used to educate the public. Sometimes they go on tour, and they’re fired every now and then.

The Tommy guns  are kept in an armory and brought out for special presentations, said Chriss Lyon, the 911 supervisor for Berrien County and the unofficial historian of the area. Lyon wrote a book, “A Killing in Capone’s Playground,” that explains how the guns came to Berrien county.

Credit: Chriss Lyon, Provided
The two Tommy guns used in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre now reside in Berrien County, Michigan.

The guns have made appearances at the Mob Museum in Las Vegas (where they were a hit, Lyon noted) and have gone on tour with the National Rifle Association.

“We have been pretty good about keeping these guns well-oiled, cleaned, in good working condition,” Lyon said. But “they’re starting to show their age. Their parts are irreplaceable.”

The guns are “very historical,” so while they can still fire, the department’s staff doesn’t shoot them very often anymore, Lyon said. She’s shot the guns herself, describing them as “pretty controlled” and capable of firing 800 rounds per minute when fully automatic.

“I don’t know how anybody could afford to pay for the bullets,” Lyon joked. 

How the guns got from Lincoln Park to the Berrien County Sheriff’s Office involved a few more crimes being committed.

Fred “Killer” Burke, a suspect in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, moved to the area under the alias Fred Dane in September 1929. On Dec. 14 — 10 months to the day after the massacre — Burke was driving to the train station to pick up his girlfriend when he got into a minor crash. The other driver told Burke they should go downtown to report the crash to police.

Burke agreed, and the two ran into a local police officer, Charles Skelly. Skelly insisted Burke go to the police station and hopped onto his car’s running board so he could accompany Burke. The two stopped at a red light just around the corner from the station — and that’s when Burke took out a gun and shot Skelly to death.

“It turns out that Fred was a little bit too scared and knew what was gonna happen and was afraid of what was gonna happen” if the police found out his real identity, Lyon said.

Burke fled again, but he got into another car crash and ended up having to carjack three people to escape, Lyon said.

The police made it to Burke’s place, where they found “an arsenal of weapons” and robbery equipment, Lyon said. There were thousands of rounds of ammunition, sawed-off shotguns, rifles, handguns, bulletproof vests and explosives that could blow up a safe.

Credit: Berrien County Sheriff’s Office, Provided
The weapons found in Fred “Killer” Burke’s home, including the two Tommy guns used in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.

Among the weapons were two Thompson submachine guns.

The local police knew two Tommy guns had been used in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, so they contacted the Chicago Police Department. Chicago Police asked to have the guns brought to the city; once there, they conducted a ballistics test — then a new field — and confirmed the guns had been used in the massacre.

Though the guns were part of an iconic Chicago crime, it was Berrien County that got to keep them; They were evidence in Burke’s crimes there. Burke himself was convicted in Skelly’s killing and died in prison.

Berrien County has kept the guns ever since.

Much of Burke’s arsenal has gone missing in the years since that raid, Lyon said, but the sheriff’s office still has a bulletproof vest, some magazine holders and, of course, the two Tommy guns.

The department can’t sell the guns since they’re evidence, Lyon said, and if the guns were “taken off the books as evidence” they’d have to be destroyed. And the department doesn’t want the guns in a museum because they want them to be accessible to people.  This way, officers can take the guns out for special programs and let people touch them and take photos of them.

“They are our property because they were confiscated in the raid in Berrien Conty,” Lyon said. “We are very lucky to have these guns, and I love to see them being presented, see people learning about them.

“Obviously these guns were taken off the street so they would never be able to kill again, and ever since then they have been in our custody.”

The Tommy guns used in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre are used for educational purposes by the Berrien County Sheriff’s Office. [Provided by Chriss Lyon]
The weapons found int he home of Fred “Killer” Burke, including the two Tommy guns used in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre. [Provided by Chriss Lyon]